But in the past few decades the internet emerged, this miraculous invention that connects people around the globe and disrupts all the structures that have been built up in the last few thousand years. So too with financing.
In the last years, a number of crowdfunding websites have come up, the most famous one at the moment being kickstarter.com.
The way it works is more or less like this: someone has an idea for a documentary, children's book, toy, invention etc., but can't afford all the involved costs herself. Instead of going to a bank and asking for a loan, or making a business plan and looking for investors, she makes a video explaining the idea, the people behind, and the possible outcome, and puts it on the kickstarter website. There, she will ask for financial support, and offers specific perks in return.
For a contribution of 10$ f.ex., she might offer your name to be mentioned in the end of the documentary, as supporter. For 50$, you will receive the DVD Gold Edition, for 500$ you'll receive the Platinum Pack, a T-Shirt, and a visit to the place the documentary was made. The limits are infinite, and the contributors numerous.